Data shows that sex bias exists in human surgical clinical research. Few studies include men and women equally, less than one-third performed data analysis by sex, and there is wide variation in inclusion and matching of the sexes among the specialties and the journals reviewed. Because clinical research serves as the foundation for evidence-based medicine, it is imperative that this disparity be addressed so that therapies benefit both sexes. This talk will highlight Dr. Kibbe’s work showing that nitric oxide was more effective in male than female rats. This talk caused a national sensation, including Dr. Kibbe being interviewed by Leslie Stahl on 60 Minutes regarding the sex bias that exists in basic and translational research. Dr. Kibbe’s work contributed to the new NIH policy that now requires investigators to outline their plans to include sex as a variable for all preclinical research.
At the conclusion of this lecture participants will have gained an understanding of:
1. The cultural and systemic conditions that have promoted gender inequity in American society and the surgical community in particular
2. Practical steps that individuals can take to advance gender equity
3. Barriers and facilitators to achieving gender equity in surgery